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Majalah Ilmiah UNIKOM

Vol.7, No. 2

201

H a l a m a n

consists of comprehensive scope outline

of Sustainable Development. Addendum

itself comprise of their concerns about

extensive usage of non–renewable re-

sources, mainly fossil fuel energy re-

source. The 1973 United States of Amer-

ica (USA) oil crisis might be triggered by

political issue, to be precise conflict be-

tween Arab, Egypt, and Syria as oil pro-

ducer countries with Israel, accordingly oil

embargo executed to all Israel adherent

countries including USA. Aside from politi-

cal issues, in fact there is declining of

availability of world fossil fuel energy re-

source moreover if usage was not sensibly

considered. Energy global phenomenon as

consequence of extensive usage of fossil

fuel energy has forced us including archi-

tecture community to take a place to be

concerning, if we do not want to face more

hard economic depression.

Besides producing energy for modern vehi-

cles, heating, and other household activi-

ties, fossil fuel particularly oil and natural

gas producing energy for industrial and

agricultural products as well such as fertil-

izer, pesticides and plastics. It means, that

is not dreadfully easy for replacing oil and

gas with other fuels or with food supply,

therefore without sufficient energy supply

we will lose agricultural capacity. If fossil

fuel price raise, it will be followed by price

raise of fertilizer and pesticide into much

more expensive one, furthermore the

situation will stop farmers using such

goods. "Yields will go down and the price of

food will go up and that in turn is per-

ceived as quite an economic hardship

4

".

Sustainable development as second wave

of sustainability

5

is a concept that has

strength on integrity between social, eco-

nomic, and environmental systems.

Sustainable development has purpose for

encouraging people to create a better way

of life, to be precise can describe as net-

work of activities that using renewable or

non–renewable resources particularly en-

ergy in a sensibly way therefore will not

make future generation worry about sus-

tainable availability of the resources. Sus-

tainable development clearly offers prob-

lem solving for the degradation of environ-

mental quality and escalating of poverty

but still restricted yet. Explicitly only within

economically established countries envi-

ronmental labeling or eco labeling could

be carried out. Environmental labeling or

eco labeling is certification of acknowledg-

ment from Organization of International

Standards (ISO) 14000 on sustainable

product through Life Cycle Analysis (LCA)

mechanism, by means of evaluating en-

ergy, cost, and other environmental im-

pacts that will be spent and occur along its

product–life–cycle.

Biosphere, the whole earth surfaces in-

cluding atmosphere and ocean that inhab-

ited by human being and other live crea-

tures representing material goods re-

sources and capitals to be exploited for

supporting human being and other live

creatures life. For that reason, it is needed

highly concerns about product–life–cycle,

which always relate with energy producing

in regard with maintain them. Product–life

–cycle principles can be studied on Figure

–1: The Product Life Cycle Principle.

Raw Materials: 1. Use materials with

less environmental impact; 2. Use less

material;

Manufacture: 3. Use fewer resources;

4. Produce less pollution and waste; 5.

Reduce impact of distribution;

Use: 6. Use fewer

resources; 7. Cause less pollution and

waste; 8. Optimize functionality and

service life.

End–of–life: 9. Reduce the environ-

—————————————————--

4

Energy Crisis 'will limit births'

http://

news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/3465745.stm

.

5

Van der Ryn, Sim, and Peter Calthorpe (1986),

Sustainable Communities, A New Design Synthesis

for Cities, Suburbs, and Towns, San Francisco:

Sierra Club Books, page iv.