Page 1Page 2Page 3Page 4Page 5Page 6Page 7Page 8

Page 1 of 8
next >

Majalah Ilmiah UNIKOM

Vol.9, No. 2

139

H a l a m a n

THE USE OF ADJECTIVE CLAUSE IN ENGLISH SENTENCES

ASIH PRIHANDINI

Program Studi Sastra Inggris

Fakultas Sastra

Adjective clause is a dependent clause that functions like an adjective. Descriptive

method is used by describing adjective clause based on the functions, types, introduc-

tory words and form. The results of analysis show that the function of adjective clause in

this article mostly modify a noun; the type of adjective clause mostly are essential and

the most common introductory words of adjective clause are who, which, and that.

A.

Definition of Sentence

In grammar, students learn how to

construct sentence. A sentence is the

largest grammatical unit consisting of

phrases and / or clause, used to ex-

press a statement, question, command,

etc (Hornby, 1987 : 1071). According to

house and Harman in Husain, a sen-

tence is a group of words that states a

complete thought (Husain, 1993 : 94).

While according to Syah, a sentence is

a group of words which has minimally

one subject and one predicate and it

has a complete meaning (1977 : 91).

From some definitions above, we can

conclude that a sentence is a largest

grammatical unit consisting of phrases

and / or clauses used to express a

statement, question, command, etc

which has minimally one subject and

one predicate and state a complete

thought and meaning.

Basically there are three kinds of

sentence, those are simple, compound

and complex sentence. A simple sen-

tence is a sentence that only consists of

main clause without any subordinate

clause (Syah, 1997 : 93). A compound

sentence is a sentence that consists of

two or more main clauses without any

subordinate clause (Husain, 1993 :

102). Whereas a complex sentence is a

sentence that consists of an independ-

ent clause and one or more dependent

clause, the dependent clause can be

adverb, adjective or noun clause

(Farmer, 1985 : 341).

B.

Definition of Clause

A clause is component of a

(complex) sentence, with its own and

predicate, especially on doing the work

of a noun, adjective or adverb (Hornby,

1987 : 204). Another definition of clause

is a group of words which has its own

subject and predicate (Syah, 1977 : 88).

There are two basic types of clause,

those are :

1. Independent /principal /main clause

Main clause is a clause which con-

tains a complex idea and it can stand by

itself as a complete simple sentence

(Husain, 1977 : 88). While according to

Farmer, an independent clause is a

group of word containing a subject and a

predicate that can stand as a sentence

by itself, the clauses in color are inde-

pendent (1985 :324).

The moonis shining

S P

bidang

SASTRAI