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Majalah Ilmiah UNIKOM

Vol.9, No. 2

155

H a l a m a n

PREFIX RE IN SEVERAL WORDS BEGINNING WITH RE

TATAN TAWAMI, S.S

Jurusan Sastra Inggris

Fakultas Sastra

This paper aims at presenting a simple point of view regarding the prefix re

in several words beginning with re. The data presented here are random exam-

ples taken from class discussion. The data are analyzed from their categories in

the sentence. Based on the data analyzed, it can be concluded that re may

serve as prefix when the word formation and meaning are generated directly

based on the prefix and the meaning of the base word. In addition to that, re is

said to be „closely related prefix‟ when the word formation and meaning are

generated indirectly based on the prefix and the meaning properties of the base

word. This category tends to be “real prefix”. Apart from that, re is not prefix in

particular words when they are the words that build by themselves standing as

base words. Eventually, this paper offers a further discussion regarding the use

1.

Background

This consisting of 34 words’ analysis

paper was, at the beginning, merely a class

discussion regarding the word „repair‟. Is it a

word with one morpheme, or is it a word

with two morphemes? This discussion now

leads to the analysis of finding out the

answer proposed. In general, this analysis

involves the study of morphology; the study

of internal structures of words and the rules

by which words are formed (Fromkin). In

addition to that, in Language Files

morphology is defined as the study of how

words are structured and how they are put

together from smaller parts (p. 117).

Carstairs adds that morphology is the area

of grammar concerned with the structure of

words and with relationship between words

involving the morphemes that compose

them (p. 16). To my understanding, this

definition leads to a thought that

morphology is the study of how we can

break down the words into the root, they

can not be broken down again into smalller

parts. Nevertheless, I tried to seek out the

words based on their existence in the

dictionary and pour the properties to find

out whether they are prefix or not.

2.

Morpheme

By definition, morpheme is minimal

lingusitic unit which has a meaning or

grammatical functions ... or those that can

be broken down again into smaller parts

(LF, p. 119). Carstairs defines morpheme as

smaller parts of words (p. 16). Whereas

O‟Grady (p.133) defines morpheme as the

smallest unit of language that carries

information or function. Departing from

these definitions, morpheme can be defined

as smallest linguistic unit that gives

„additional‟ meaning and may bring new

function to particular words. In English for

ripens

ripeensripe

previously categorized as adjective,

en

s

morpheme, signaling that the subject for

this verb is singular.

O‟Grady adds that in order to represent

the internal structure of words, it is neces-

sary not only to identify each of the compo-

nent morphemes but also to classify these

bidang

SASTRA