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Majalah Ilmiah UNIKOM

Vol.9, No. 2

156

H a l a m a n

elements in terms of their contribution to

the meaning and function of the larger

word. Complex words typically consist of a

root and one or more affixes. The root mor-

pheme carries the major component of the

word‟s meaning and belongs to lexical

category (N, V, Adj, P).

In addition to that, O‟Grady also adds

that a base is the form to which an affix is

added. In many cases, the base is also the

books

s

the word‟s root. In other cases, however,

an affix can be added to a unit larger than

a root. This happens in words such as

blackeneded

blacken

black

en

black

only root for the entire word but also the

enblacken

ed

` V

ed

Root and A Af Af

en

Apart from that, O‟Grady says that:

Even harder to break into recogniz-

able morphemes are words such as re-

ceive, deceive, conceive, and perceive or

remit, permit, submit, and commit. These

items were borrowed as whole words into

English (many of them from Latin through

French). Even at the time of borrowing, the

re of receive did not have the sense of

„again‟ that it does in „redo‟ (do again) and

the de of deceive did not express the

meaning „reverse the process‟ associated

with the de in demystify or decertify. Be-

cause the components of words like re-

ceive and deceive carry no identifiable

meaning for the average speaker of Eng-

lish (who has no knowledge of Latin), we

will not treat them as separate mor-

phemes then. Thus, we take the word re-

ceive so consist of single morpheme.

(p.138).

This quotation simply implies that

some English words are historically charac-

terized by Latin or French. However, I

would like to present a new point of view

that English word may or may not be char-

acterized in such way; that, for example,

re

again

3.

The prefix „re‟

The prefix „re‟ itself is, at many cases

stands as prefix meaning to do something

over again, in re-write for example, mean-

ing to write again. According to the Mer-

riam Webster‟s 11th Collegiate Dictionary,

re

again and back. The etymology is from

redbackagain

against

re

to a base word to emphasize that some-

thing is performed again or referring back

retro

definition does not ultimately emphasize

re

re

reject

is not formed from re + ject, but it is a

base word. Additionally, I can say that in

re

a new meaning of words being paired with

repair

us know already that the equivalences of

this word in Bahasa Indonesia are

reparasi, memperbaiki, membetulkan

perbaikan

re

kembalilagi

pasangan

reparasimemperbaikimembetulkan

perbaikanme-

masangkan kembali

then may mean to put the pairs back to-

gether so that something can work nor-

mally as it is. However, others believe that

repair

to put something back together, but

Tatan Tawami, S.S