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Majalah Ilmiah UNIKOM

Vol.9, No. 2

159

H a l a m a n

n. Reduce

This word consists of two mor-

phemes re + duce. Duce means leader,

used especially for the leader of the Italian

Fascist party. Looking at the properties,

the morphemes generate new meaning

that is far related to the new meaning „to

diminish in size, amount, extent, or num-

ber‟. The category of this word is verb. Ex-

ample:

She was reduced to tears by their criti-

cism. V

o. Remind

This word consists of two mor-

phemes re + mind. Mind may mean to

become aware of: NOTICE, or the element

or complex of elements in an individual

that feels, perceives, thinks, wills, and es-

pecially reasons. Looking at the properties,

these morphemes generate new meaning

that is closely related to the new meaning

„to put in mind of something: cause to re-

member‟. This word has verb as its cate-

gory. Example:

Can someone remind me what I

should do next?

V

p. Remain

This word consists of two mor-

phemes re + main. Main may mean princi-

pal or force. Looking at the properties,

these morphemes generate new meaning

that is closely related to the new meaning

„to be a part not destroyed, taken, or used

up, and to continue unchanged‟. It means

that the principal is being emphasized

again. The categories of this word are

noun and verb, as in:

In spite of their quarrel, they remain

the best of friends.

V

The remains are no longer here.

N

q. Recital

This word consists of three mor-

phemes, re + cite + al. Cite may mean to

bring forward or call to another's attention

especially as an example, proof, or prece-

dent. Recite means to say aloud a poem,

piece of literature, etc that you have

learned. These word is constructed first

from the morphemes recite + al. Though

suffix „al‟ is often called adjective forming

suffix, the category of this word is noun.

The three morphemes generate new

meaning that is far related to the new

meaning „a public performance of music or

poetry‟.

I am going to have a piano recital to-

night.

N

r.

Resign

This word consists of two mor-

phemes re + sign. Sign may mean a mo-

tion or gesture by which a thought is ex-

pressed or a command or wish made

known, or to represent or indicate by a

sign. These morphemes generate new

meaning that is closely related to the new

meaning „to give (oneself) over without

resistance‟. It means that someone is giv-

ing another sign of giving in/up towards

something. The category of this word is

verb, as in:

I am going to resign from this illegal

V

private institution soon.

s.

Recognize

This word consists of two mor-

phemes re + cognize. Cognize means

know or understand. These morphemes

generate new meaning that is closely re-

lated to the new meaning „to perceive to

be something or someone previously

known‟. It means that someone knows

something/other person through the addi-

tion of more information about it. The cate-

gory of this word is verb, as in:

Do you recognize this tune?

V

t. Resemble

This word consist of only one mor-

pheme. Resemble means to represent as

like. This word is categorized as verb, ex-

ample:

He resembles his father in many ways

V

Tatan Tawami, S.S