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Majalah Ilmiah UNIKOM

Vol.9, No. 2


H a l a m a n

2. Dependent / subordinate clause

Dependent clause is a clause that can’t

stand by itself or still depends on independ-

ent clause because it does not have a com-

plete idea yet (Husain, 1993 : 90). Another

definition of independent clause is a group

of words containing a subject and a predi-

cate that functions as a part of a sentence

and depends on the rest of the sentence to

complete its meaning; the clauses in color

are dependent (Farmer, 324 : 325). A de-

pendent clause may be an adverb clause,

an adjective clause, or a noun clause.

who played the violin

the trophy. (adjective clause)

Whatever she does

for him. (noun clause)

because we didn’t

invite her at the party



Adjective Clause


The definition of adjective clause

An adjective clause gets its name from

the way it functions in a sentence.

Adjective means word that describes a noun

(Manser, 1995 : 5).

Here are some definitions of adjective

clause :

a. Adjective clause is a dependent clause

that functions like an adjective

(Farmer, 1985 : 329).

b. Adjective clause is a clause that func-

tions as an adjective or modifies

a noun (Syah, 1997 : 90).

c. Adjective clause is subordinate clause

that functions as an adjective that

modifies a noun or pronoun (Husain,

1933 : 90).


The function of adjective clause

From the definition above we can con-

clude that the functions of adjective clause

are :

a. Adjective clause modifies a noun.

It means that adjective clause de-

scribes or gives additional information to a


that we say yesterday

the best movie I’ve ever seen.

The example shows us that the adjec-

that we saw yesterday

the movie.

b. Adjective clause modifies a pronoun.

It means that adjective clause de-

scribes or gives additional information to a


whom you met at the party last


The example shows us that the adjec-

whom you met at the party last



The types of adjective clause

There are two types of adjective clause,

those are :

a. An essential / limiting / restrictive adjec-

tive clause.

An essential adjective clause contains

information that is necessary to the mean-

ing of the sentence. Without it, the sentence

would have a very different meaning

(Farmer, 1985 : 330). Restrictive adjective

clause also helps us to identify or define the

noun phrase which they modify (Krohn,

1975 : 185).

To find out whether the clause is essen-

tial or not, remove it from the sentence and

see if the sentence still has the same mean-

ing or not.

where she died


2. The place has been rebuilt.

Obviously sentence (1) means some-


where she died

the meaning of the whole sentence.

Since removing the adjective clause

changes the meaning of the whole sen-

tence, the adjective clause is essential.

b. A nonessential / additive / nonrestric-

tive / appositive / non defining adjective


Additive adjective clause, in the other

hand give further information which is not

essential to the meaning or identification of

the noun phrase, they are equivalent to

separate (Krohn, 1975 : 187). A nonessen-

tial adjective clause simply adds information

to a sentence, the information does not

Asih Prihandini